A BRIEF STUDY
Mohammed about 622 AD. ( HOWEVER OTHERS CLAIM ISLAM WAS IN EXISTENCE MANY YEARS PRIOR TO MOHAMMED)
Mohammed was born in Mecca,
Saudi Arabia in 570 AD and died in June 8, 632 AD in Medina , Saudi Arabia.
In 610 AD he claimed that he was visited by Angel Gabriel
who commissioned him as a prophet of God. Mohammed continued to receive
revelations from Gabriel until his death. The revelations make the Quran.
In 622 AD Mohammed fled from persecution in Mecca to Medina in his first
attempt to convert people with his new found faith. That flight was named
Hegira which marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. By 630 AD he had
successfully converted a small community of believers for his new faith which is
to be called Islam. Islam means submission and an Islamic convert is called a
Muslim. He and his group waged a militaristic campaign against Mecca . He
destroyed all the idol gods in Mecca except one cubical house called " The
Kaaba." The Kaaba is the holiest object in Islam. All Muslims must visit it . All
Muslim must pray facing the Kaaba. Mecca submitted peacefully to Islam.
Through military campaigns Islam grew and expanded throughout the world
reaching about 1.5 billion converts today.
Mohammed claims to be the seal of all the prophets and must be listened to ,
The Quran is the top canonical book of Islam. It contains the revelations received
from angel Gabriel. Islam claims it is the direct word from Allah and unedited and
is corrective of the Bible which is changed. By this Muslim argues that they have
the true doctrine from God by which standard all affairs of mankind must
The Haddith contains the sayings and acts of Mohammed.
Islam profess to believe the Old Testament and the Gospel (Injil) but claims that
they have been corrupted therefore the only authoritative undiluted scripture is
the Quran. Where the Quran contradicts the Bible, the Muslim stands by the
Quran. Muslims reject the epistle in the New Testament.
Sharia Law. Sharia is the interpretation of the Quran and the Hadith used for
Constitutional rule in many Muslim countries.
There is only one God and is called Allah. He has no son and is not a
triune God. The concept of vicarious death for one's sins is unacceptable .
Hell is a place of real eternal torment.
Salvation is by good works. When one's good works exceeds his
bad works, he will go to heaven by the mercies of Allah. Man is not totally
depraved but he is basically good. There is no original sin and every one is
accountable for his own deeds and is capable to work for his own salvation.
Certain good works merit great reward in heaven. Killing the infidel or waging
Jihad wins much reward
Jihad: Jihad represents two types of struggles; the inner spiritual struggle and the
external physical struggle . The inner spiritual struggle is the believers inner
struggle to stay righteous whereas the external struggle involves physical usually
military struggle against persecution or for conversion. Jihadists also known as
mujahideen who die at the cost of physical jihad have great reward in heaven.
There is physical resurrection of bodies. In the garden of Paradise, men will be
rewarded with special beautiful women ( 72 virgins) known as houris for sexual
Hell is a place of real torment.
Jesus is only a prophet and to to say that Jesus is God is blasphemy.
Jesus did not die on the cross. On the crucifix was somebody else therefore Jesus (Q:157-158)
did not resurrect. There is no atonement for sins through the vicarious death of
Jesus. Jesus is one of the 124 000 prophets of Allah of which Mohammed is the
greatest. Mohammed being the seal of the prophets is does greater than Jesus.
Every prophet was given a special assignment and Jesus' role was the Messiah
and was born by the Virgin Mary and was sinless. He was a great miracle worker
but that does not make him God, nor greater than Mohammed who did not
perform no miracle.
On the Holy Spirit.
Allah is a Spirit.
There are several divisions or denominations of Islam and within each
denomination are different school of thoughts and jurisprudence.The chief ones
are (1) Sunni Islam. (2) Shia Islam (3) The Nation of Islam
Sunni Islam is the largest denomination. The name comes from the word sunna
meaning habit. The Sunnis follow the sayings and habits of Mohammed as written
in the Quran and the Haddith. Sunni Islam is hence regarded as the orthodox
Islam as opposed to a Shi'a Islam
The Shias believe in the the appointment of leaders ( Immam) according to the
family of Mohammed.
The Nation of Islam is an American version of Islam which is a black separatist
movement started by Willis Fard Mohammed in 1930. It's succession of leaders
include Elijah Mohammed , Malcolm X, Warith Deen Mohammed and Louis Farrakhan .
The Five Pillars of Islam:
The Foundation of Islam is built upon five pillars. The
believe and practice of these pillars are mandatory to every believer.
The Shahada. (Faith) .
This is the confession of faith that there is only one God who is Allah and
Mohammed is the messenger of Allah la ilaha illa-llahu Muhammadun
The Salat. (Prayer).
Muslims must pray five times a day
The Swam (fasting).
Muslims who have reached puberty must do the Ramadan a
thirty day yearly fast for spiritual purification to be close to God .
The Zakat ( alms giving)
All Muslims must practice alms giving
The Hajj (pilgrimage ).
All Muslims who are able, must visit Mecca ( The Kaaba)
at least once in their lifetime